History of the Labor Movement: Farmers and the Grange

History of the Labor Movement: Farmers and the Grange

Founded by Oliver Kelly in 1867, the Grange began as a fraternal farming organization. Kelly, a Minnesota farmer working in US Bureau of Agriculture, was directed by president Andrew Johnson to survey Southern farmlands devastated by the Civil War. The goal was to...
History of the Labor Movement: Race and Labor

History of the Labor Movement: Race and Labor

Working hard to enjoy a better life is a quintessential American value, and it helps to explain why men and women have stood up throughout the nation’s history to demand better wages, safer working conditions, and fair treatment and respect from their employers....
Craft Unions Vs. Industrial Unions

Craft Unions Vs. Industrial Unions

The nascent labor unions of the 19th century sought to rally workers in order to secure favorable wages and working conditions, but two divergent strategies emerged over how to best organize them. Advocates of craft unionism supported the belief that unions should...